About being a permanent resident of Canada
As a permanent resident, you receive certain rights and privileges, even though you remain a citizen of your home country.
What permanent residents can do
As a permanent resident, you and your dependants have the right:
You must pay taxes, and respect all Canadian laws at the federal, provincial and municipal levels.
What permanent residents cannot do
As a permanent resident, you and your dependants cannot:
Keeping your permanent resident status
Your permanent resident status allows you to live in Canada, but there is also a time limit on how long you can live outside the country. To keep your status as a permanent resident, you must live in Canada for at least two years within a five-year period.
For further information on residency obligations, please see Appendix A of Applying for a Permanent Resident Card.
Losing your permanent resident status
There are several ways you could lose your permanent resident status:
When you become a Canadian citizen, you are no longer a permanent resident.
The Permanent Resident Card
If you intend to travel, the Permanent Resident Card is the official proof of your status as a permanent resident in Canada.
This wallet-sized plastic card is required for all permanent residents of Canada seeking to re-enter Canada on a commercial carrier (airplane, boat, train or bus).
If you leave the country, you will need this card to return to Canada. If you do not plan to leave the country, you do not need the card.
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