Laws maintain order
Canada is governed by a system of laws. These laws are created by governments that are chosen by the people. Laws in Canada apply to all people, including the police, judges, political leaders and those who work for the government.
The main reason Canada has laws is to keep society well ordered, to make sure there is a peaceful way to settle disputes and to express the values and beliefs of Canadian society.
In Canada, you are presumed innocent until proven guilty.
Equality under law
We call our system of laws the justice system. Everyone in Canada, whether they are a citizen or a permanent resident, is equal under the justice system. In Canada, women can have the same jobs as men and all the same responsibilities. People in Canada are not given better jobs because of their name, the amount of money they have, their social class or their sex.
Some important laws that may apply to your family:
Children under 12 years of age cannot be left at home alone or care for younger children. All children aged six to 16 must receive some form of education. Depending on which part of Canada you live in, you must be either 18 or 19 years old to buy or drink alcohol. It is against the law to use, buy or sell addictive drugs such as marijuana, heroin or cocaine. It is against the law to make any kind of sexual remarks or advances if the other person is not receptive. It is against the law to hit anyone, including your spouse or children, either in the home or in public.
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